logo.png

Space Flashcards

2014-10-24

Here are some space-related flash cards, including planets, spaceships, and astronauts. Some things are hard to depict in graphical format, and those I had to skip. Categories of things (i.e., galaxies), or things that are too far away to see (i.e., small moons), are hard to capture in a single image. This deck has fifty-one cards. The planets all appear twice, with two different photos. In general I avoid duplicate entries, but the planet names are perhaps the most important here, and using different pictures should make the words memorable. Sometimes multiple views of the same object is quite useful, particularly if that object looks different when you change the angle or lighting.

Here is a deck for Anki. Each flashcard has a picture on the front and the Japanese, phonetic reading, and English on the back.

PictureEnglishJapaneseKana
Space/mercury.1.jpgMercury水星すいせい
Space/mercury.2.pngMercury水星すいせい
Space/venus.1.jpgVenus金星きんせい
Space/venus.2.pngVenus金星きんせい
Space/earth.1.jpgThe Earth地球ちきゅう
Space/earth.2.jpgThe Earth地球ちきゅう
Space/mars.1.jpgMars火星かせい
Space/mars.2.jpgMars火星かせい
Space/jupiter.1.jpgJupiter木星もくせい
Space/jupiter.2.jpgJupiter木星もくせい
Space/saturn.1.jpgSaturn土星どせい
Space/saturn.2.jpgSaturn土星どせい
Space/uranus.1.jpgUranus天王星てんのうせい
Space/uranus.2.jpgUranus天王星てんのうせい
Space/neptune.1.jpgNeptune海王星かいおうせい
Space/neptune.2.jpgNeptune海王星かいおうせい
Space/pluto.1.jpgPluto冥王星めいおうせい
Space/pluto.2.jpgPluto冥王星めいおうせい
Space/sun.jpgThe Sun太陽たいよう
Space/solar system.jpgThe Solar System太陽系たいようけい
Space/nebula.jpgnebula星雲せいうん
Space/galaxy.jpggalaxy銀河ぎんが
Space/moon.jpgThe Moonつき
Space/ganymede.pngGanymedeガニメデガニメデ
Space/io.jpgIoイオイオ
Space/comet.pngcomet彗星すいせい
Space/black hole.jpgblack holeブラックホールブラックホール
Space/meteorite.jpgmeteorite隕石いんせき
Space/meteorite crater.jpgmeteorite crater隕石孔いんせきこう
Space/sunspots.jpgsunspot黒点こくてん
Space/sundial.jpgsundial日時計ひどけい
Space/big dipper.jpgThe Big Dipper北斗七星ほくとしちせい
Space/astrolabe.jpgastrolabeアストロラーベアストロラーベ
Space/aurora borealis.jpgnorthern lights北極光ほっきょくこう
Space/solar eclipse.jpgsolar eclipse日食にっしょく
Space/lunar eclipse.jpglunar eclipse月食げっしょく
Space/lunar rover.jpglunar rover月面車げつめんしゃ
Space/mars rover.jpgMars rover火星探査機かせいたんさき
Space/hubble.jpgThe Hubble Space Telescopeハッブル宇宙望遠鏡ハッブルうちゅうぼうえんきょう
Space/space station.jpgThe International Space Station国際宇宙ステーションこくさいうちゅうステーション
Space/spaceship.jpgspaceship宇宙船うちゅうせん
Space/astronaut.jpgastronaut宇宙飛行士うちゅうひこうし
Space/space suit.jpgspace suit宇宙服うちゅうふく
Space/space helmet.jpgspace helmet宇宙帽うちゅうぼう
Space/radio telescope.jpgradio telescope電波望遠鏡でんぱぼうえんきょう
Space/observatory.jpgastronomical observatory天文台てんもんだい
Space/solar panel.jpgsolar panelソーラーパネルソーラーパネル
Space/laser.jpglaserレーザーレーザー
Space/magnet.jpgmagnet磁石じしゃく
Space/atom.pngatom原子げんし
Space/airplane.jpgairplane飛行機ひこうき
PictureEnglishJapaneseKana

Flashcards on the Phone

I've been using phone-based and computer-based flashcards for three years. They're great because any decent application does spaced repetition, which means that you see the cards you don't know very well more often. When you first start using a spaced repetition system to study it can be frustrating. After all, the cards you don't know keep showing up and it feels like you're not making any progress. As you grow accustomed to the system, though, you worry less. Suppose you see a flashcard with picture of Jupiter on it but don't know how to say "Jupiter" in Japanese. It's good the card came along! If that flashcard hadn't come along, you might have felt you knew the word even though you didn't. The words that you sort of know, or that you can only sometimes remember, those are the ones where you want to see the flashcards. If you know a word very well and the card shows up, it's a waste of your time. Why bother studying a word you already know, right?

Avoid Burdensome Studying

A risk to any study method, and especially flashcards, is that they can get monotonous and burdensome. When you're using a spaced repetition system to study, there are two numbers to consider: the number of new cards per day, and the maximum number of cards to review each day. If you feel like studying is taking too long, and if you have too many cards to review, immediately make those numbers much lower. Currently, I have five new cards per day, which is the lowest it's been in a while. If the new cards are relatively easy, and my daily review count is low for a few weeks, I might move that up to ten or twenty. There's no point in rushing, though. If I try to study too many cards, first of all I'll get tired and inefficient. More importantly, though, studying shouldn't feel like a burden. You should study because you want to, because it's interesting, and because you feel like you're learning something every time you do it.

Find Short Time Slots

How long one should spend on flashcards is a personal consideration. If you commute by train or bus, you have two obvious time slots in your day. If you have the time and energy, studying for up to fifteen minutes twice a day sounds reasonable. Twice a day is nice, but only once a day is fine. I like to study for roughly ten minutes at a time. After that, and sometimes before that, my brain gets tired and needs a long break. Some days I can't remember much of anything and give up after a few minutes. This all varies by person; what is good for me maybe is not good for you. This all changes over time, too, as you learn flashcards and start adding new and different ones.

Delete Problematic Cards Quickly

When you're using flash cards to learn words or sentences in a foreign language, there's an important rule: If a card is confusing, takes too long, or you're not sure if it's correct, delete it. There are tens of thousands of words to learn, and there's no way you can study them all. If your flashcard set contains pictures that are ambiguous or sentences where the meaning is unclear, you save time by deleting those summarily. If you have a fifty word sentence and stumble on word #25 the first time you see it and word #28 the second time you see it, you're doing too much with one card. The sentence is too long and you should either shorten it or delete it. I recommend deleting it, because deleting things is fast and feels good. It's easy enough to find new things to study.